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TOEFL MAP ACTUAL TEST Speaking Q4 私の解答

Actual test speaking 1


TOEFL MAP ACTUAL TEST Speaking Q4

Test 1

According to the reading, in mental accounting, people set up different money accounts in their minds and define a budgetary limit on each account. If the limit is exceeded, they will not spend more, even if they have enough money. The professor uses two examples to explain this.

First, his wife bought a bag of donuts for 5 dollars and left the bag on a bus, but did not buy it again because 10 dollars exceed her budget for donuts.

Second, a family was planning to buy a house. One day a car was broken but the family decided not to repair the car, because saving money to buy a house was more important than fixing the car.

In summary, these examples demonstrate mental accounting.

Thanks for listening. Have a great day. 54 seconds
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Test 2

According to the reading, assimilation is a process immigrants go through when they move to a new country. Typically, assimilation involves adjusting themselves to the new language and customs. The professor uses two examples to explain this process.

First, her cousin married a Brazilian woman. She came to America and successfully assimilated to the new place by learning new customs and language. Now most people think she is a native.

Second, some immigrants successfully learn new language, customs, and behaviors in America by watching TV programs such as sit-coms (situation comedy), soap operas, and Sesame Street.

In summary, these examples demonstrate assimilation.

Thanks for listening and have a great day. 50 sec.
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Test 3

When people recollect an event in the past, they tend to remember the highlights or the final event but forget about other minor details. This is called the peak-end rule. The professor uses two examples to explain this.

First, his family went to a vacation. It was rainy in the first half of the vacation, but it was sunny in the second half. All family members recalled later that the entire vacation was fun.
Second, he and his friend went to see a football game. The first three quarters were not exciting, but the fourth quarter was very exciting. His friend later stated that the entire game was exciting.

In summary, these examples demonstrate the peak end rule.

Thanks for listening and have a great day. 48 sec.
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Test 4
According to the reading, business owners hire secret shoppers to test and evaluate the services provided by employees. This is called customer service testing. The professor explains two examples to demonstrate this concept.

First, the professor owned a restaurant and hired a secret shopper to test the services of his staff. One waitress provided excellent services to the secret customer, and she was promoted.

On the other hand, a cook became angry and spoke dirty words when a dish was returned by the test customer. He was fired.

These examples demonstrate the concept of customer service testing.

Thanks for listening and have a great day. 50 sec.
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Test 5
According to the reading, plants in rainforests make adaptations to particular conditions of rainforests such as limited sun light and constant wet conditions. The professor uses urn plants to describe this.

First, urn plants dwell on tall tree to receive enough amount of sunlight, but too much light actually damages them.

Second, urn plants have cup-shaped leaves to store water, so that they can receive water whenever they want.

These demonstrate adaptations of rainforest plants.
Thanks for listening and for your patience. Hope you have a great day. Bye now. 45sec.
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Test 6
When a company has a new product, first it identifies potential target groups of people, and then test the product on those people prior to releasing it. Based on the test results, the company can make modifications to the product. This is called target marketing. The professor uses two examples.

First, a movie studio tested a new animated movie on children before releasing. The responses from children were good, and so was the actual performance.

Second, a movie studio produced a drama movie and tested it on adult women. They complained a lot, but the studio released it without modifications. The movie was a failure.

These examples demonstrate target marketing. Thanks. 53 sec.
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Test 7

According to the reading, emotional intelligence is the ability of people to understand emotions of others and to act fittingly in response to their emotions. This ability helps one’s personal and business life.
The professor uses two examples.

First, the professor, her daughter, and her friends went to a DVD store, but her friends took a long time selecting DVDs and the professor became inpatient and upset. Understanding this, her daughter encouraged her friends to hurry up.

Second, the professor controlled her temper and did not make a scene (yell at her daughter) in front of her friends, because the professor knew her daughter had been under stresses from mid-term exam.
These examples demonstrate emotional intelligence.
Thanks for listening. 48sec.
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Test 8

According to the reading, some species dwelling in the water migrate vertically in the water to look for light, prey, temperature, etc. The professor explains two examples.

First, zoo planktons migrate to deeper depths at dawn and shallower depths at dusk to evade predators.

Second, sea creatures in Arctic migrate to deeper depths to escape from fresh water created by melting of glaciers during summer season.

These examples demonstrate vertical migration.

Thanks for listening and have a great day. 43 sec.
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Test 9
According to the reading, businesses employ various pricing techniques such as penetration pricing and promotional pricing to promote their products. The professor explain these techniques.

First, the professor explains penetration pricing. A new department store sells products at 20% discount to gain new customers. Later it can increase the prices.
Second, the professor explains promotional pricing. A company introduces new diet sodas at a discounted price to break into the new market. Later the price can be increased.

These examples demonstrate pricing techniques.

Thanks for listening and hope you have a great day.
-------------------------------------------
Test 10

According to the professor, mutualism is a kind of symbiosis that benefits both organisms. The professor uses two examples.
First, bees and flowers help each other, bees getting nectar from flowers, while flowers getting pollinated.

Second, crocodiles and Egyptian plovers help each other, plovers eating meat from teeth of crocodiles while crocodiles getting teeth cleaned.

These examples demonstrate mutualism.

Thanks for listening and have a great day. Bye now. 40 sec.
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Test 11
According to the reading, some people specialize in one field and do not know anything about other fields that might be related with his or her field. This is called technical incapacity.
The professor explains two examples.
First, her English professor was an expert in Shakespearean literature and its era, whereas he could not teach modern literature because he did not learn modern literature.
Second, a cell phone manufacturing company asked engineers to write an instruction manual, but they used difficult technical terms unreadable to the general public.
These examples demonstrate technical incapacity.
Thanks for listening and have a great day. Bye now. 47 sec.
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Test 12
According to the reading, businesses try to stimulate our five senses to promote their products. This is called sensory marketing. The professor uses two examples.
First, a pizza restaurant has an open kitchen so that customers can watch chefs cooking their pizzas. Customers stay longer and order more foods. This is appealing to the sense of sight.
Second, a cosmetic store uses various kinds of aroma to lure customers into the shop. Customers stay longer and purchase more goods. This is appealing to the sense of smell.
These examples demonstrate sensory marketing.
Thanks for listening and have a great day. Bye now. 45 sec.
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Test 13
According to the reading, people have bad habits such as eating and drinking too much. They can imagine an idea that can be associated with unpleasant feelings in order to stop bad habits. This is called negative ideation. The professor uses two examples.
First, chocolate lovers can imagine chocolates are mud, so that they lose desire to eat chocolates, or even hate to see chocolates.
Second, a woman who wants to quit drinking may imagine that all alcohols taste disgusting to stop drinking.
These examples demonstrate negative ideation.
Thanks for listening and have a great day. Bye now. 45 sec.
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Test 14
According to the reading, businesses make catchy advertisements to attract customers to purchase items or services. The professor uses two examples.
First, Apple Computer released a famous advertisement based on the Jorge Orwell’s story during the Super bowl match in 1984. This ad was so attractive that Apple’s computers became very popular.
Second, Coca Cola utilizes multiple advertisements such as TV, radio, billboards, and songs to attract customers. In fact, Coke is the number one soft drink in the world.
These examples demonstrate how attractive advertising can promote products and services. Thanks for listening and have a great day. 48 sec.
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Test 15
According to the reading, when people recollect a decision made in the past, they tend to remember only positive reasons for the decision and forget about negative factors. They even add new positive reasons to justify the decision. This is called choice supportive bias. The professor uses two examples.
First, he bought a house to be close to his work place. Later being asked why he bought house, he responded with a new reason of good neighbors.
Second, he started to jog to lose weight, but when asked why he started jogging, he mentioned enjoyment of running in nature.
These examples demonstrate choice supportive bias.
Thanks for listening and have a great day. Bye now. 47 sec.
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Test 16
According to the reading, people have limited amount of resources, so they can do only one activity at a time. When there are two possible activities, people consider what if I have done the second option and evaluate positive and negative factors. In other words they evaluate the opportunity cost.
The professor uses two examples.
First, a student has a test tomorrow and also invited to a dinner. The opportunity cost of studying for the test is missing the dinner, while that of having the dinner is poor grade in the exam.
Second, a person has 30 dollars and he can spend it for a dinner at a restaurant or buy groceries at a supermarket for several meals.
These examples demonstrate opportunity cost. Thanks. 50 sec.
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Test 17
According to the reading, some people tend to have too much confidence on their ability to accomplish a task, but in reality they fail to do the task and get disappointed. This is called the overconfidence effect. The professor uses two examples.
First, a student did not study for the final exam because he was too confident. In the end he got grade C on the exam.
Second, a woman student was too confident on her ability as a journalist, but her writing skill was mediocre. As the result, she did not land any journalist jobs.
These examples demonstrate the overconfidence effect. Thanks for listening and have a great day. 45 sec.
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Test 18
According to the reading, when a child behaves badly, he or she must be punished in a logical and consistent manner. This is called logical consequences. The professor uses two examples.
First, a girl student repeatedly drew pictures on her desk. The teacher consistently punished her by making her clean all the desks. This worked and she stopped the misbehavior.
On the contrary, a boy made noises in the class, but the teacher did not punish him in a logical manner, so he continued the bad behavior.
These examples demonstrate logical consequences. Thanks for listening and have a great day. 44 sec.
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これでこの本の18セット終了。この韓流本はお薦めです。問題量が多く、本番に近い問題が多い。


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[ 2013/05/10 21:34 ] TOEFL | TB(-) | CM(0)
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Author:Andy
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TOEIC 990点
英検1級合格二次試験100点(優秀賞)
TOEFL iBT 119点(2015年7月11日、2年間有効)

名前:Andy
年齢:59歳
学歴:University of Missouri at Rolla 工学部原子力工学科卒業
職業:技術系の通訳を30年以上やっています。

仕事柄、欧米人と仕事をすることが多く、Andyというニックネームを使っています。
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コシヒカリを食べて育った純粋な日本人です。
韓国語、中国語は全くできません。

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