TOEFL100点以上を目指す社会人の方のための集中勉強会のご案内です。

一回の受講で、100点までの道のりが明確に見えるようになりますので、安心してその後の勉強を実施することができます。

TOEFL学習記録119

Usher Writing

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Test 11

The reading passage presents three theories concerning why and how Mima mounds were created. However, the professor states that these arguments are uncorroborated and provides his own compelling rebuttals.

The first theory provided by the reading passage is that American Indians , specifically, Chinooks created the mounds for ceremonial purposes. Conversely, the professor argues this contention is unsubstantiated because no traces of bones or tools have been found at the sites. Furthermore, the name Mima comes from the Chinook language is accidental.

The second theory suggested by the reading passage is that seismic activities formed the mounds, which was later confirmed by an experiment in which an artificial earthquake was able to create mounds in sand. On the other hand, the professor maintains this assertion is untenable because similar mounds are found in the areas without earthquake activities.

The third theory given by the reading passage is that pocket gophers created the mounds when they created underground home. On the contrary, the professor says this claim is questionable because no evidence of gophers such as bones and fur has been found at the sites. They create their dwellings between mounds, not under mounds. They may have moved to the mounds after the mounds were formed.


この問題は本番で出ました。 
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Test 12

The reading passage presents three theories concerning how Egyptian pyramids were constructed. However, the professor states that these assertions are unsubstantiated and provides his own compelling rebuttals.

The first theory provided by the reading passage is that ramps or inclinations were used to transport heavy stone blocks up to the top of the pyramids. Conversely, the professor contends that this argument does not hold water because it takes significant amount of time and labor to build ramps that can reach the top of the pyramids. This method is simply neither economical nor efficient.

The second theory given by the reading passage is that wooden cranes were used to lift up heavy stones. On the contrary, the professor maintains that this contention is untenable because woods that were available near the Nile River were too soft as a building material of cranes.

The third theory described by the reading passage is that stone blocks were made by pouring limestone concrete into molds. On the other hand, the professor claims that this hypothesis is questionable because this method cannot explain the existence of granite rocks in the pyramids and various shapes of stone blocks. If moulds had been used, all the blocks should have the same dimensions. Furthermore, lime concrete was used by Romans to repair the pyramids.

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注意:上記の作文は私の長い勉強過程の一時期に書いたもので、使われているテンプレート、書き方などは現在使っているものと大きく違いますのでご注意ください。 勉強会でご紹介したものが現在のテンプレート、書き方です。

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[ 2012/12/28 14:53 ] TOEFL学習記録 | TB(-) | CM(0)
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Andy

Author:Andy
プロフィール:

TOEIC 990点
英検1級合格二次試験100点(優秀賞)
TOEFL iBT 119点

名前:Andy
年齢:59歳
学歴:University of Missouri at Rolla 工学部原子力工学科卒業
職業:技術系の通訳を30年以上やっています。

仕事柄、欧米人と仕事をすることが多く、Andyというニックネームを使っています。
北陸の田舎に住んでいます。毎週、北陸新幹線にお世話になっています。
コシヒカリを食べて育った純粋な日本人です。アメリカ人、ハーフではありません。
韓国語、中国語は全くできません。

毎月TOEFLを受験しています。
ソラシティ、武蔵小杉、テンプル大学麻布校3階が好きな会場です。

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