TOEFL100点以上を目指す社会人の方のための集中勉強会のご案内です。

一回の受講で、100点までの道のりが明確に見えるようになりますので、安心してその後の勉強を実施することができます。

TOEFL学習記録117

Usher Writing 


Test 4

My template:

The reading passage presents three theories concerning the sources of the strange noises heard by the crews of Russian submarines during the Cold War. However, the professor claims that these arguments are unjustifiable and negates them by providing his own compelling rebuttals.

The first theory described by the reading passage is that the sounds came from killer whales. On the contrary, the professor states this is unsubstantiated because killer whales swim near the water surface and it is not possible for the crews of submarines approximately 200 meters deep in the water to hear the sound.  In addition, sonar could have detected them, if the sounds came from killer whales.        


The second theory identified by the reading passage is that the sounds came from giant squids.  Conversely, the professor contends that this is uncorroborated because the sounds are no longer heard today.  As the squids are living today, it is illogical that we do not hear the sounds today.  On top of that, the shells of squids are detectable by sonar, but sonar of submarines did not detect anything.


The third theory suggested by the reading passage is that the sounds came from small American submarines.  On the other hand, the professor argues that this is refutable because the speed and mobility of quakers cannot be realized by the latest technologies.  Furthermore, it would have been too expensive for Americans to build submarines with such capabilities.        


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Usher’s template:

 

In the given set of materials, the reading and the lecture deal with the sources of mysterious sounds Russian submarine crews heard during the Cold War.  The reading suggests possible sources of the sounds, whereas the professor refutes them by providing his own compelling rebuttals.

 

First, the professor states that killer whales swim near the water surface and it is not possible for the crews of submarines approximately 200 meters deep in the water to hear the sounds.  In addition, sonar could have detected them, if the sounds came from killer whales.  This contradicts the reading passage’s claim that the sounds came from killer whales.

 

In addition, the professor maintains that the sounds are no longer heard today.  As the squids are living today, it is illogical that we do not hear the sounds today.  On top of that, the shells of squids are detectable by sonar, but sonar of submarines did not detect anything.  This casts a doubt on the reading passage’s claim that the sounds came from giant squids.

 

Finally, the professor states that the speed and mobility of quakers cannot be realized by the latest technologies.  Furthermore, it would have been too expensive for Americans to build submarines with such capabilities.  This refutes the reading passage’s claim that the sounds came from American submarines.



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Test 5

The reading passage presents three theories to support that Sinosauropteryx did not have feathers.  However, the professor claims that these assertions are refutable and provide his own compelling rebuttals to substantiate that Sinosauropteryx had feathers.

 

The first theory suggested by the reading passage is that lines on fossils were scratches and cracks created during excavation.  On the contrary, the professor states this is unsubstantiated because no lines were found in other fossils, suggesting that lines were not created during excavation.  The professor further states that skins and other parts of the body were clearly printed in fossils, which implies that lines must be an indication of feathers.

 

The second theory identified by the reading passage is that lines on fossils were formed by frills, not feathers.  Conversely, the professor maintains that this is uncorroborated because beta carotin detected from fossil samples is a clear indication that this dinosaur had feathers.

 

The third theory suggested by the reading passage is that lines are located on the back and it is impossible to keep the body warm or fly.  On the other hand, the professor says that this is untenable because feathers were used for display to attract mates.

 


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注意:上記の作文は私の長い勉強過程の一時期に書いたもので、使われているテンプレート、書き方などは現在使っているものと大きく違いますのでご注意ください。 勉強会でご紹介したものが現在のテンプレート、書き方です。

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[ 2012/12/26 16:34 ] TOEFL学習記録 | TB(-) | CM(0)
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Andy

Author:Andy
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TOEIC 990点
英検1級合格二次試験100点(優秀賞)
TOEFL iBT 119点(2015年7月11日、2年間有効)

名前:Andy
年齢:59歳
学歴:University of Missouri at Rolla 工学部原子力工学科卒業
職業:技術系の通訳を30年以上やっています。

仕事柄、欧米人と仕事をすることが多く、Andyというニックネームを使っています。
北陸の田舎に住んでいます。毎週、北陸新幹線にお世話になっています。
コシヒカリを食べて育った純粋な日本人です。
韓国語、中国語は全くできません。

毎月TOEFLを受験しています。
ソラシティ、武蔵小杉、テンプル大学麻布校3階が好きな会場です。

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