TOEFL100点以上を目指す社会人の方のための集中勉強会のご案内です。

一回の受講で、100点までの道のりが明確に見えるようになりますので、安心してその後の勉強を実施することができます。

TOEFL学習記録105

international coordination is nevertheless necessary in light of the strong propensity of nations to act selfishly (を踏まえて、を考慮すると、に照らすと)

in light of history 歴史的に見ると
The main reason why an international effort is necessary is that, left to their own devices,(他から干渉されず自分の意思でやりたいようにする) individual nations, like people, will act according to their short-term motives and self-interest.

left to their own devices (when left unconstrained)
イディオム

Left to their own devices, left to their own devices, left to their own devices, left to their own devices

The mere existence of military weapons indicates that self-interest and national survival are every nation’s prime drivers.

The mere existence of weapons indicates that self-interest is every nation’s prime drivers.

The mere existence of , the mere existence of , the mere existence of , the mere existence of

Furthermore, nations, like people, tend to rationalize their own self-serving(利己的な)policies and actions.

Rationalize their own self-serving policies, rationalize, rationalize, rationalize, justify, rationalize, rationalize, justify

Emerging nations might argue, for example, that they should be exempt from energy conservation because it is the industrialized nations who can better afford to make sacrifices and who use more resources in the first place.


Emerging nations, emerging nations, emerging nations, emerging nations,
Exempt from, exempt from, exempt from, exempt from, exempt from exempt from exempt from

It is the developed nations who use more resources in the first place
It is the industrialized nations who use more resources in the first place
In the first place, in the first place, in the first place, in the first place

Only by way of an international effort, based largely on coercion(強制) of strong leaders against detractors, along with an appeal to self-interest, have we made some progress.

Coercion, coercion, coercion, coercion, coerce, coerce, coerce, coercion, coercion スペル注意、coercion, coercion

We have made some progressの倒置法
Have we made some progress, have we made some progress, have we made some progress

efforts of individual nations to thwart international drug trafficking have proven largely futile

thwart drug trafficking, thwart drug trafficking, trafficking, trafficking, trafficking, trafficking, thwart θwˈɔɚt 発音に注意 trafficking スペル trafficking, trafficking,

have proven largely futile

futile effort 無駄な努力
prove futile 無駄とわかる
Comply. Your resistance is futile. 抵抗しても無駄だ。Seven of Nineの有名なセリフ。

have proven futile, have proven futile, have proven futile, have proven futile, futile,

By the same token (Similarly), the problem of energy conservation transcends (go beyond) national borders in that either all nations must cooperate, or all will ultimately suffer.

By the same token, by the same token, by the same token, by the same token, by the same token, 使ってみたい

Transcends national borders in that either all nations must cooperate, or all will eventually fail.
Transcend borders, transcend national borders, transcends national borders, スペル、transcend, transcend, transcend, transcend

In conclusion, nations are made up of individuals who, when left unconstrained, tend to act in their own self-interest and with short-term motives.

Act in their own interest, act in their own interest, act in their own interest, act in their own interest, act in their own interest, it is in our best interest

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[ 2012/09/30 06:14 ] TOEFL学習記録 | TB(-) | CM(0)
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Andy

Author:Andy
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TOEIC 990点
英検1級合格二次試験100点(優秀賞)
TOEFL iBT 119点(2015年7月11日、2年間有効)

名前:Andy
年齢:59歳
学歴:University of Missouri at Rolla 工学部原子力工学科卒業
職業:技術系の通訳を30年以上やっています。

仕事柄、欧米人と仕事をすることが多く、Andyというニックネームを使っています。
北陸の田舎に住んでいます。毎週、北陸新幹線にお世話になっています。
コシヒカリを食べて育った純粋な日本人です。
韓国語、中国語は全くできません。

毎月TOEFLを受験しています。
ソラシティ、武蔵小杉、テンプル大学麻布校3階が好きな会場です。

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