TOEFL100点以上を目指す社会人の方のための集中勉強会のご案内です。

一回の受講で、100点までの道のりが明確に見えるようになりますので、安心してその後の勉強を実施することができます。

TOEFL学習記録101

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Day 04

A lot of controversy exists over whether the news media provides people with credible information or not.

I see distortions in their coverage and reporting.

This is because (this is due to the fact every media company has its own stakes (interests) and tries to make stories more sensational in order to gain viewers’ popularity.

Untrustworthy
Biased
Not credible
Not reliable
Interested in portraying current events in a way favorable to their own interests.

The best example of this is

A majority of the media (a group of people) singular
The majority of (individuals) plural

A majority of the media portrayed the war as a way to obtain world peace.

On-the-spot broadcasts of brutal scenes that depicted the U.S. as a ruthless invader.
on-the-spot broadcasting

plainly(clearly)明白にhighlights how partial不公平なand biased news companies are
the media is not reliable because it attempts to make stories look more colorful and dramatic.

It wants to draw in more viewers and readers so that it can maximize profits.

Deliberately exaggerated this incident

As this incident reveals, the media often magnifies stories and provides distorted information.

Sensational
Provocative
Colorful
dramatic
Exaggerate
Magnify
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Day 04
The news media is a reliable source of unbiased information.

A lot of controversy exists over whether the media provides us with credible information. Although many TV programs and newspapers pretend to be unbiased and accurate, I see many distortions (not reliable, untrustworthy, not credible) in their coverage and reporting. This is due to that fact that every media has its own interests (stakes) and tries to make stories more sensational (colorful, dramatic, exaggerate, amplify) in order to gain popularity of their readers and viewers.

First, the media is not reliable because it is affected by its stakeholders. That is, major corporations are owners of media companies and obviously want to portray current events in a way favorable to their interests. This is particularly true when a country or government that the media supports are involved in a story. To illustrate (the best example of this is), is the Iraq War. A majority of American media portrayed the war as a war to gain world peace. On the other hand, countries against America showed on-the-spot broadcasts of brutal scenes in order to depict the U.S. as a ruthless invader. This difference plainly highlights how partial and distorted (biased) the media companies are.

Second (in addition), the media is not trustworthy because it tries to make stories more colorful and dramatic to gain the popularity of viewers and readers. This is because the media wants to attract (draw in) more viewers and readers to make profits (maximize profits). As a result, the mass media provides more sensational information that attracts the attention of people (catches people’s attention) to accomplish its goal (aims). To illustrate, one TV station in Japan had to apologize to viewers for its exaggerated coverage concerning O157 food poisoning of “kaiware” radish sprouts. It reported that the entire population of “kaiware” radish sprouts is the source of O157 poisoning based on the discovery of O157 bacteria on radish sprouts from one single farmer. The TV station exaggerated the story and reported the incident as if all radish sprouts in the country were tainted by these bacteria. Because of this biased coverage, Japanese consumers stopped buying this vegetable (vegetable, vegetable, vegetable) for a long period and many farmers suffered significant financial losses. As this example shows, the media often exaggerates (magnifies, amplifies) stories and provides distorted information.

In conclusion, I firmly believe that the media is not a reliable source of unbiased information because it is affected by its own stakeholders and it makes provocative stories to earn people’s attention. On the whole, it would be wise for viewers to follow the news with a questioning attitude.
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できるだけモデルエッセーをコピーするのではなく、自分の表現を入れること。
vegetable vegetable vegetable vegetable vegetable vegetable
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Day 05

In this rapidly changing world,

Become fed up with
Become weary of
Become tired of

Prevent them from performing their best
Lower productivity
Decrease one’s productivity
Makes it difficult to work to their fullest potential
Hinder them from performing their best
Prevent employees from truly growing in their professional lives

Monotonous
Routine work
Dull work

Find well-suited positions (jobs)
Choose the right kind of job
Find the dream job
Find the right type of career
Choose the right path for their talents

Huge conglomerate
Conglomerate
Conglomerate
A huge conglomerate
------------------------
It is unrealistic for people to work at the same company for their entire lives.

Outline’
I agree that is unrealistic for people to remain at the same company.
R1: lower productivity (prevent one from performing their best, make it difficult to work to their fullest potential.)
Example: a recent study showed 30 % lower productivity, because monotonous work hiders them from performing the best.
R2: prevent one from selecting the best suited job (the right kid of job, dream job, right type of career, path)
Example: My sister changed her jobs many times, found the dream job

-------------------------------------------------------------------
In this rapidly changing world, those who cannot adjust themselves to changes are unlikely to succeed. When it comes to jobs, while some argue that people should work for the same company till their retirement, I agree that it is unrealistic for people to remain at the same company for their entire lives. This is because doing so lowers their productivity and prevents them from finding the right job.

First, staying in the same company prevents people from performing their best. This is due to the fact that people get tired of their work after working for the same company for so many years, which makes it difficult to work to their fullest potential. For example, according to a study, those who worked for more than ten years in the same company produce 30% less than those who worked for two years in the company. This is because those stayed in the company for a long time become fed up with the same monotonous work, which hinders them from performing their best.

Second, remaining in the same company prevents people from finding the right job. This is because those who experienced many jobs could find the right kind job that best utilizes their skills and challenges their abilities. To illustrate, my sister switched her jobs many times. She worked for many companies from a major conglomerate to a small company with three employees. My parents were a little disappointed when she was going to change her jobs. However, she explained that she would be able to find the right job for her. In the end, she found her dream job and she is very happy with the job now. Had she stayed in the same company, she would not have found the right career for her.

In short, although working at the same company for their entire lives seems one attractive option, it is not practical for people to serve the same company for their entire lives, since doing so prevents people from performing their best and finding the best suitable job. In this rapidly changing world, those who are sedentary in the same positions are less likely to succeed.
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注意:上記の作文は私の長い勉強過程の一時期に書いたもので、使われているテンプレート、書き方などは現在使っているものと大きく違いますのでご注意ください。 勉強会でご紹介したものが現在のテンプレート、書き方です。

[タグ未指定]
[ 2012/09/15 08:07 ] TOEFL学習記録 | TB(-) | CM(2)
はじめまして。
私は今大学でTOEFLを勉強しているのですが、中々点数がのびません。
相談するのが恥ずかしいくらいの点数しかとれていません。
もし、良かったらコツなど教えてもらえませんか。特に、Reading,Listeningが苦手です。
[ 2012/09/15 18:14 ] [ 編集 ]
RL対策
gmさん こんにちわ。

TOEFLは本当にタフな試験です。
いろいろとお伝えしたいことがあるので、自分のブログで一つ記事を書きます。そちらをご覧ください。

Andy
[ 2012/09/15 19:07 ] [ 編集 ]
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Andy

Author:Andy
プロフィール:

TOEIC 990点
英検1級合格二次試験100点(優秀賞)
TOEFL iBT 119点(2015年7月11日、2年間有効)

名前:Andy
年齢:59歳
学歴:University of Missouri at Rolla 工学部原子力工学科卒業
職業:技術系の通訳を30年以上やっています。

仕事柄、欧米人と仕事をすることが多く、Andyというニックネームを使っています。
北陸の田舎に住んでいます。毎週、北陸新幹線にお世話になっています。
コシヒカリを食べて育った純粋な日本人です。
韓国語、中国語は全くできません。

毎月TOEFLを受験しています。
ソラシティ、武蔵小杉、テンプル大学麻布校3階が好きな会場です。

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